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Amir Kabir and Dar-ol-Fonoon
Every Iranian who has ever heard the name of Amir Kabir and has a small historical study may remember the role of this great man in developing essential cultural and political changes in the country. Among all the important functions of this historic personality, one is the establishment of Dar-ol-Fonoon school. In this writing it is tried to briefly familiarize readers with Amir Kabirs life and Dar-ol-Fonoon school.
Mohammad Taqi, known as Mirza Taqi Khan, was born in 1807, in Farahan. His father, Mohammad Qorban, was working in the system of Mirza Farahani and Mirza Abolghassem, the first and second successors of shah as a chef, and Mirza Taqi Khan grown up in their system.
Mirza Abolghassem, the second successor of shah, was assigned to teach princes children, and Mohammad Taqi was also allowed to attend the classes and learn from that great man.
Around 1828, Mohammad Taqi (Amir Kabir) has been first working as a teacher, then as an official for tax collection, and finally as the secretariat of shahs successor. Then after, he was assigned as deputy for successor, and regarding his political ingenuity and capability, drawn special attention of governments authorities and his own majesty Fatahali shah, and promoted to "Amir Nezam".
Mirza Taqi Khan Amir Kabir had a strong and responsible personality, and honesty, incorruptibility and firmness were some of his characteristics. He has been considered as a manifestation of patriotism, justice, and benevolence, and was believed in having historical mission for the country.
The historical importance of Amir Kabir is in three dimensions:
- Innovation in dissemination of new cultural and industry,
- Protecting national identity of Iran and its political autonomy,
- National political reforms and combating civil moral corruption.  
Dar-ol-Fonoon Yard
The school of Dar-ol-Fonoon has been founded in 1852. During its long lifetime, it has undergone some partial repairs. The area of Dar-ol-Fonoon is about 5595 square meters. This building has a large and eight sided basin that in the past, has been using Gohar-riz canal water. In the four sides of this basin, there are little gardens with long and old trees and bindweeds that have gone up to the trees. A little attention to the gardens design will surprise the mind, but there is no surprise, designer and engineer of Dar-ol-Fonoon, Mirza Reza Khan, has drawn the map like a barrack. Presently, the rectangular shape of yard, bounded by long buildings from the four directions still worths seeing. This yard has four entrances to four corridors, that classes doorways are opened in those corridors.
Dar-ol-Fonoon After the victory of Islamic Revolution
After the victory of Islamic Revolution, Dar-ol-Fonoon was changed to a teacher training center. In 1988, this historical building was registered in the inventory of Irans National Monuments.
About ten years later, it was suggested that Dar-ol-Fonoon be changed to the Museum and Documents Treasury, and deputy council of the Ministry of Education left its follow-up procedures to Research Institute for Education. Presently, Dar-ol-Fonoon, with the applicative name of "Museum and Documents Treasury", and being as a subordinate of the Research Institute for Education, has started its activities in a different new context in two sections of a) cultural research and 2) repair and renovation.
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